Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal diseases, which affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligament. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in periodontics and is trained to manage various conditions related to gum health. Periodontists diagnose and treat various gum diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. They assess the health of the gums, measure periodontal pockets, and evaluate the severity of the disease. At First Smile Family Dental, treatment may involve deep cleaning procedures, scaling, root planing, and surgical interventions in advanced cases.
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common dental condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is primarily caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not effectively removed through proper oral hygiene practices, it can lead to gum inflammation, infection, and damage to the surrounding tissues.
Factors contributing to gum disease development include poor oral hygiene, smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, genetic predisposition, and systemic health conditions like diabetes. The consequences of untreated gum disease can extend beyond the oral cavity. Research has linked gum disease to an increased risk of systemic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes complications, and respiratory diseases.
Periodontists are skilled in diagnosing and treating various stages of gum disease, from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis. They can accurately assess the extent of gum disease, evaluate the health of the gums, measure periodontal pocket depths, and develop an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your needs. Early detection and intervention by a periodontist can help prevent the progression of gum disease, preserve your natural teeth, and promote oral health.
What Are the Treatments for Periodontal Disease?
Gum disease treatment typically involves one or more of several different procedures performed over a series of appointments by a dentist or periodontist. Treatment may consist of deep cleanings or scaling and root planing, oral medications, laser therapy to remove diseased tissue and even surgery. It is essential to receive treatment for gum disease early before it causes more damage to the teeth and gums. Otherwise, patients may need more extensive treatments to restore their oral health.
Advanced cases of gum disease may require surgical intervention. Periodontal surgery aims to access and clean the deep pockets, remove infected tissue, and restore gum and bone health. Surgical procedures may include gum grafts, bone grafts, and guided tissue regeneration.
Periodontal diseases can have severe consequences if left untreated, including tooth loss and systemic health issues. Visit First Smile Family Dental at 32717 1st Ave S., Suite 9, Federal Way, WA 98003, or call (253) 785-7323 for regular dental check-ups and early intervention by our periodontist to prevent and manage periodontal diseases, promoting overall oral health and well-being.